State Abbreviation MT
State Capital Helena
State Size Total (Land + Water): 147,042 sq miles; Land Only: 145,552 sq miles
Number of Counties 56
Time Zone Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming
Highest Point Granite Peak, 12,807 feet
National Parks Glacier National Park
State Population (2015) 1,032,949
State Population Density 7.1 people / square mile
Area Codes 406
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Billings (104,170)
Great Falls (58,505)
Butte-Silver Bow (33,525)
State Ballad Montana Melody
State Bird Western meadowlark
State Butterfly Mourning cloak
State Fish Westslope cutthroat trout
State Flower Bitterroot
State Fossil Duck-billed dinosaur
State Gem Sapphire and agate
State Grass Bluebunch wheatgrass
State Mammal Grizzly bear
State Motto Oro y plata (Gold and silver)
State Nickname Treasure State
State Song Montana
State Tree Ponderosa pine
•Montana is home to the hydrological apex of North America on Triple Divide Peak. From this spot, water flows to three oceans: Hudson Bay (Arctic), Gulf of Mexico (Atlantic), and the Pacific Ocean.
•Jeannette Rankin of Missoula, Montana, was the first woman elected to the United States Congress. On November 9, 1969, she was elected to the House of Representatives.
•The coldest temperature on record for the contiguous United States was -70°F recorded on January 20, 1954, in Rogers Pass, Montana.
•The largest snowflake ever observed was 15 inches wide. It was recorded at Fort Keogh, Montana, on January 28, 1887.
•The Montana city of Loma holds the world record for the greatest temperature change in 24 hours. On January 14-15, 1972, the temperature rose from -54°F to 49°F, a change of 103 °F.
•Yellowstone National Park in southern Montana and northern Wyoming was the first national park in the United States.
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