State Abbreviation PA
State Capital Harrisburg
State Size Total (Land + Water): 46,055 sq miles; Land Only: 44,817 sq miles
Number of Counties 67
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, West Virginia
Highest Point Mount Davis, 3,213 feet
National Parks None
State Population (2015) 12,802,503
State Population Density 285.7 people / square mile
Area Codes 215, 267, 272, 412, 445, 484, 570, 582, 610, 717, 724, 814, 835, 878
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Philadelphia (1,526,006)
State Aircraft Piper J-3 Cub
State Animal White-tailed deer
State Beautification and Conservation Plant Penngift crownvetch
State Beverage Milk
State Bird Ruffed grouse
State Dog Great dane
State Electric Locomotive GG1 4859
State Fish Brook trout
State Flower Mountain laurel
State Fossil Phacops rana
State Game Bird Ruffed grouse
State Insect Pennsylvania firefly
State Motto Virtue, Liberty, and Independence
State Nickname Keystone State
State Ship US Brig Niagara
State Song "Pennsylvania"
State Steam Locomotive K4s 1361 and K4s 3750
State Tree Hemlock
•Pennsylvania is named after William Penn's father, Admiral William Penn. William Penn was granted the land by British King Charles II. The word "Sylvania" means "land that is full of trees."
•Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean.
•Gulf Refining Co. opened America's first gas station on Baum Blvd., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on December 1, 1913.
•Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, is the Mushroom Capital of the World as mushroom farming in the region produces over a million pounds of mushrooms a week.
•ENIAC, the world's first all-purpose computer, was built in the University of Pennsylvania and launched on February 15, 1946.
•Every year, the Little League World Series is held in South Williamsport. Taiwan has won the most number of championships at 17.
•The Moravian Book Shop in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, opened in 1745 and is the oldest continuously operating bookshop in the United States, quite possibly the world.
•The Philadelphia Zoo was the first zoo in the United States.
•Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond on May 11, 1751, is the first hospital in the United States. It is also home to America's first medical library.
•The First stock exchange in the United States was founded in Philadelphia in 1790
•The Wharton School of Business of the University of Pennsylvania, established in 1881, is the first business school in the United States.
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