State Abbreviation MA
State Capital Boston
State Size Total (Land + Water): 10,555 sq miles; Land Only: 7,840 sq miles
Number of Counties 14
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont
Highest Point Mount Greylock, 3,489 feet
National Parks None
State Population (2015) 6,794,422
State Population Density 866.6 people / square mile
Area Codes 339, 351, 413, 508, 617, 774, 781, 857, 978
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Boston (617,594)
State Beverage Cranberry juice
State Bird Chickadee
State Cat Tabby cat
State Cookie Chocolate chip cookie
State Dessert Boston cream pie
State Dog Boston terrier
State Fish Cod
State Flower Mayflower
State Folk Hero Johnny Appleseed
State Fossil Dinosaur tracks
State Horse Morgan horse
State Insect Ladybug
State Mottos Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty)
State Muffin Corn muffin
State Nickname Bay State; Old Colony State
State Tree American elm
•British colonist John Smith named Massachusetts for the Massachusett tribe. The name "Massachusetts" meant “near the great hill.”
•The first lighthouse in the United States was built on Little Brewster Island in the Boston Harbor in 1716.
•Basketball was invented in December 1891 by James Naismith in Springfield.
•Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William Morgan in Holyoke. Volleyball was originally called "Mintonette."
•Boston Common, established in 1634, is the first public park in the United States.
•The Boston subway, which opened on September 1, 1897, is the first subway system in the United States.
•Boston Public Library is the second largest public library in the United States. Harvard University Library, also in Boston, is the third largest library in the United States.
•The first telephone call in history was made between inventor Alexander Graham Bell and his assistant, Thomas Watson, on March 10, 1876, in Boston. Bell spoke the words, “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you” and Watson heard it from the receiver in the next room.
•Boston Latin School, founded in 1635, is the first public school in the United States. It is also the oldest existing school in the United States.
•In 2003, Massachusetts became the first stage to legalize same-sex marriage.
•In Massachusetts, it is illegal to give alcoholic beverages to a hospital patient, unless directed by a physician.
•The first printed book in the United States was the Bay Psalm Book, first printed in 1640 in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
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