State Abbreviation MD
State Capital Annapolis
State Size Total (Land + Water): 12,407 sq miles; Land Only: 9,774 sq miles
Number of Counties 23
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia
Highest Point Hoye-Crest, 3,360 feet
National Parks None
State Population (2015) 6,006,401
State Population Density 614.5 people / square mile
Area Codes 227, 240, 249, 280, 301, 410, 443, 667
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Baltimore (620,961)
State Bird Baltimore Oriole
State Boat Skipjack
State Cat Calico cat
State Crustacean Blue crab
State Dessert Smith Island cake
State Dinosaur Astrodon johnstoni
State Dog Chesapeake Bay retriever
State Drink Milk
State Exercise Walking
State Fish Rockfish
State Flower Black-eyed susan
State Folk Dance Square dance
State Fossil Shell Ecphora gardnerae gardnerae (Wilson)
State Gem Patuxent river stone
State Horse Thoroughbred horse
State Insect Baltimore checkerspot butterfly
State Motto Fatti maschii, parole femine (Manly deeds, womanly words)
State Nickname Free State; Old Line State
State Reptile Diamondback terrapin
State Sport Jousting
State Team Sport Lacrosse
State Tree White oak
•The state of Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria, who was the wife of England King Charles I.
•The Court of Appeals of Maryland is the only court in the United States whose judges wear red robes.
•The Maryland State House in Annapolis is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use. It is also the only state house ever to have served as the nation's capitol, from 1783 to 1784.
•Havre de Grace is known as the "Decoy Capital of the World." The city also hosts the Havre de Grace Decoy Museum.
•Maryland gave up some of its land to form Washington D.C.
•Maryland is commonly referred to as “America in Miniature” and sometimes “Little America” because it’s home to just about any type of nature feature, other than a desert.
•Maryland was the first state to enact Workmen's Compensation laws in 1902.
•The national anthem of the United States, The Star-Spangled Banner, was written by Francis Scott Key on September 13, 1814, after he witnessed the bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British during the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.
•Maryland is the only state in the United States with an official State Exercise: walking.
•The longest escalator in the United States is in the Wheaton Station of the Washington Metro in Montgomery County, Maryland. It is 230 feet long.
•In the city of Rockville, swearing on the road is a misdemeanor.
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