State Abbreviation AL
State Capital Montgomery
State Size Total (Land + Water): 52,419 sq miles; Land Only: 50,744 sq miles
Number of Counties 67
Time Zone Central Time Zone
Bordering States Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee
Highest Point Cheaha Mountain, 2,413 feet
National Parks None
State Population (2015) 4,858,979
State Population Density 95.8 people / square mile
Area Codes 205, 251, 256, 334, 659, 938
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Birmingham (212,237)
State Amphibian Red hills salamander
State Bird Yellowhammer
State Crustacean Brown shrimp
State Flower Camellia
State Fossil Basilosaurus cetoides
State Fresh Water Fish Largemouth bass
State Fruit Blackberry
State Game Bird Wild turkey
State Gemstone Star blue quartz
State Horse Rocking horse
State Insect Monarch butterfly
State Mammal Black bear
State Mineral Hematite (red iron ore)
State Motto Audemus jura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)
State Nickname Yellowhammer State
State Nut Pecan
State Quilt Pine burr quilt
State Reptile Alabama red-bellied turtle
State Rock Marble
State Salt Water Fish (Fighting) tarpon
State Shell Scaphella junonia johnstoneae
State Soil Bama soil series
State Spirit Conecuh ridge Alabama fine whiskey
State Tree Longleaf pine
State Tree Fruit Peach
State Wildflower Oak-leaf hydrangea
•The Unclaimed Baggage Center is located in Scottsboro. The inventory of this store are the lost luggages from airlines.
•The Saturn boosters, which were the rockets to put humans on the moon, were built in NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville. Huntsville is known as "The Rocket City." Some call it the "Rocket Capital of the World."
•On February 16, 1968, the first 911 call in the United States was made in Haleyville, Alabama.
•In Magnolia Springs, Alabama, mail is delivered by boat. This is the only city in the United States with all-water mail routes.
•Alabama is the only state to have an alcoholic beverage as its official drink.
•In 1703, Mobile became the first city in the American Continent to celebrate Mardi Gras, 15 years before New Orleans did so.
•In 1886, the world's first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery.
•In 1836 Alabama became the first state in the United States to declare Christmas a legal holiday.
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