State Abbreviation SD
State Capital Pierre
State Size Total (Land + Water): 77,117 sq miles; Land Only: 75,885 sq miles
Number of Counties 66
Time Zone Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Wyoming
Highest Point Harney Peak, 7,244 feet
National Parks Badlands National Park
Wind Cave National Park
State Population (2015) 858,469
State Population Density 11.3 people / square mile
Area Codes 605
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Sioux Falls (153,888)
Rapid City (67,956)
State Animal Coyote
State Bird Ring-necked pheasant
State Bread Fry bread
State Colors Blue and gold
State Dessert Kuchen
State Fish Walleye
State Flower American pasqueflower
State Fossil Triceratops
State Gemstone Fairburn agate
State Grass Western wheat grass
State Insect Honeybee
State Jewelry Black Hills gold
State Mineral Stone Rose quartz
State Motto Under God the people rule
State Musical Instrument Fiddle
State Nickname Mount Rushmore State; Coyote State
State Soil Houdek
State Song "Hail! South Dakota"
State Sport Rodeo
State Tree Black Hills spruce
•Dakota is the Sioux word for "friend" or "ally." The Dakota Territory was divided into South Dakota and North Dakota on November 2, 1889.
•The most famous point of interest in South Dakota is the Mount Rushmore National Memorial, located in Pennington County. It opened on October 31, 1941.
•South Dakota is the only state whose name does not share a single letter with that of its capital (Pierre).
•Jewel Cave in Custer County, South Dakota, is the second largest cave system in the United States, and third largest in the world. This cave system contains 181.89 miles of mapped passageways.
•The largest and best-preserved Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil in the world was discovered by Sue Hendrickson near Faith, South Dakota, in 1990. The fossil was named Sue in Sue Hendrickson’s honor.
•The geographical center of the United States is approximately 20 miles north of Belle Fourche, South Dakota.
•Mitchell, South Dakota, is the home of the world's only Corn Palace.
•South Dakota is the only state with an official State Jewelry: Black Hills gold.
•Lemmon, South Dakota, has the world's largest Petrified Wood Park.
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