State Abbreviation CT
State Capital Hartford
State Size Total (Land + Water): 5,543 sq miles; Land Only: 4,845 sq miles
Number of Counties 8
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island
Highest Point South side of Mount Frissell, 2,379 feet
National Parks None
State Population (2015) 3,590,886
State Population Density 741.2 people / square mile
Area Codes 203, 475, 860, 959
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Bridgeport (144,229)
New Haven (129,779)
tate Animal Sperm whale
State Bird Robin
State Composer Charles Edward Ives
State Flower Mountain laurel
State Folk Dance Square dance
State Fossil Eubrontes giganteus
State Hero Nathan Hale
State Heroine Prudence Crandall
State Insect European mantis
State Mineral Garnet
State Motto Qui transtulit sustinet (He who transplanted sustains)
State Nickname Constitution State
State Poet Laureate Rennie McQuilkin
State Shellfish Eastern oyster
State Ship USS Nautilus
State Tree White oak
State Troubadour Kristen Graves
•The State of Connecticut is named after the River Connecticut, the largest river in New England. The word 'Connecticut' is derived from 'Quonehtacut', a Mohegan Indian word for "long tidal river."
•The first telephone book was published in New Haven on February 21, 1878. It consisted of a single piece of cardboard and included 50 names.
•Mary Dixon Kies of South Killingly was the first woman to receive a U.S. patent. She did so on May 5th, 1809, for a method of weaving straw with silk and thread to make hats.
•The Hartford Courant, based in Connecticut, is the oldest U.S. newspaper still being published. It started published as a weekly on October 29, 1764.
•The first automobile law was passed by the state of CT on May 21, 1901. The speed limit was set at 12 miles per hour in cities and 15 miles per hour on country roads.
•First Ph.D. Degree in the United States was awarded by the Yale University in 1861 to Eugene Schuyler, Arthur Williams Wright, and James Morris Whiton.
•In Connecticut, it's illegal to keep town records where liquor is sold.
•In 1908, George Smith put candy on a stick and thus invented the lollipop. It is named after a famous racehorse at the time called Lolly Pop. He trademarked the term under the Bradley Smith Company of New Haven in 1931.
•In 1889, the first public pay phone in the United States was installed by William Gray in Hartford.
•Connecticut is the only state with an official State Composer (Charles Edward Ives), State Hero (Nathan Hale), and State Heroine (Prudence Crandall).
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