State Abbreviation OR
State Capital Salem
State Size Total (Land + Water): 98,381 sq miles; Land Only: 95,997 sq miles
Number of Counties 36
Time Zone Pacific Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States California, Idaho, Nevada, Washington
Highest Point Mount Hood, 11,249 feet
National Parks Crater Lake National Park
State Population (2015) 4,028,977
State Population Density 42.0 people / square mile
Area Codes 458, 503, 541, 971
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Portland (583,776)
State Animal American beaver
State Beverage Milk
State Bird Western meadowlark
State Crustacean Dungeness crab
State Dance Square dance
State Fish Chinook salmon
State Flower Oregon grape
State Fossil Metasequoia (dawn redwood)
State Fruit Pear
State Gemstone Oregon sunstone
State Insect Oregon swallowtail
State Motto Alis volat propriis (She flies with her own wings)
State Mushroom Pacific golden chanterelle
State Nickname Beaver State
State Pie Hazelnut
State Rock Thunder-egg (geode)
State Seashell Oregon hairy triton
State Soil Jory soil
State Song "Oregon, My Oregon"
State Tree Douglas fir
•The first known use of the name "Oregon" was by Major Robert Rogers in 1765. The origin of the name, though, is unclear. There are several competing theories, some proposing that it came from French, and some proposing that it came from a Native Indian language.
•Crater Lake of Oregon is the deepest lake in the United States, with a maximum depth is 1,943 feet.
•Humongous Fungus, a single specimen of Armillaria solidipes in Malheur National Forest in Oregon, has been growing for about 2,400 years, covering 3.4 square miles. It is one of the largest living organisms on earth.
•Portland’s name was decided with a coin toss on whether to name the place after Portland, Maine, or Boston, Massachusetts. In 1845 this controversy was settled with a coin toss which Francis Pettygrove, who was from Portland, Maine, won in a series of two out of three tosses, and the community was called "Portland." The coin used for this decision, now known as the Portland Penny, is on display in the headquarters of the Oregon Historical Society.
•Boring is a town in Oregon. It was named after William H. Boring of Oregon. Boring, Oregon has a sister city in Scotland that named "Dull." Together these two towns celebrate "Boring and Dull Day" annually on August 9.
•Oregon's state flag is the only state flag in the United States to have different designs on each side.
•The passing of Ballot Measure 60 in 1998 made Oregon the first state in the United States to conduct all elections by mail.
•At 7,993 feet deep, Hells Canyon in Oregon is the deepest river gorge in North America.
•In Oregon, drivers must yield to pedestrians who are standing on the sidewalk.
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