State Abbreviation AR
State Capital Little Rock
State Size Total (Land + Water): 53,179 sq miles; Land Only: 52,068 sq miles
Number of Counties 75
Time Zone Central Time Zone
Bordering States Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas
Highest Point Mount Magazine, 2,753 feet
National Parks Hot Springs National Park
State Population (2015) 2,978,204
State Population Density 57.2 people / square mile
Area Codes 327, 479, 501, 870
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Little Rock (193,524)
Fort Smith (86,209)
State American Folk Dance Square dance
State Beverage Milk
State Bird Mockingbird
State Butterfly Diana fritillary
State Flower Apple blossom
State Fruit and Vegetable South Arkansas vine ripe pink tomato
State Gem Diamond
State Grain Rice
State Grape Cynthiana
State Historic Cooking Vessel Dutch oven
State Insect Honeybee
State Instrument Fiddle
State Mammal White tail deer
State Motto Regnat populus (The people rule)
State Mineral Quartz crystal
State Nickname The Natural State
State Nut Pecan
State Rock Bauxite
State Tree Pine tree
•The name Arkansas came from the Quapaw Indians, by way of early French explorers. The explorers met a group of Indians, known as the Ugakhpah, which means "people who live downstream.". These
•Native Americans later were called the Quapaw, also called the Arkansaw.
•The World's Championship Duck Calling Contest is held annually in Stuttgart.
•It is illegal for the Arkansas River to rise above the Main Street Bridge in Little Rock. It is unclear how this law can be enforced.
•In November, 1932, Hattie Caraway was elected senator in Arkansas. She became the first woman in the U.S. Senate.
•Arkansas contains over 600,000 acres of lakes and 9,700 miles of streams and rivers. 47 hot springs flow from the southwestern slope of Hot Springs Mountain. About 1,000,000 gallons of 143°F flow from the springs every day.
•Mount Ida is known as the Quartz Crystal Capital of the World.
•Pine Bluff is known as the world center of archery bow production.
•Arkansas is the only state with an official State Cooking Vessel: Dutch oven.
On July 2, 1962, Sam Walton founded opened the first Wal-Mart store in Rogers, Arkansas.
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