State Abbreviation NH
State Capital Concord
State Size Total (Land + Water): 9,350 sq miles; Land Only: 8,968 sq miles
Number of Counties 10
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont
Highest Point Mount Washington, 6,288 feet
National Parks None
State Population (2015) 1,330,608
State Population Density 148.4 people / square mile
Area Codes 603
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Manchester (109,565)
State Amphibian Red-spotted newt
State Animal White tailed deer
State Bird Purple finch
State Butterfly Karner blue
State Flower Purple lilac
State Freshwater Game Fish Brook trout
State Fruit Pumpkin
State Gem Smokey quartz
State Insect Ladybug
State Mineral Beryl
State Motto Live Free or Die
State Nickname Granite State
State Rock Granite
State Saltwater Game Fish Striped bass
State Song Old New Hampshire
State Sport Skiing
State Tree White birch
State Wildflower Pink ladyslipper
•New Hampshire was named by Captain John Mason after the southern English county of Hampshire.
•The first free public library supported by taxation in the United States was founded on April 9, 1833 in Peterborough, New Hampshire.
•The record for the highest wind speed over land in the United States was recorded on Mount Washington April 12, 1934. The wind gust clocked in at 231 miles per hour. This is also the second highest wind speed over land recorded in the world.
•Levi Hutchins of Concord, New Hampshire, invented the first alarm clock in 1787. It only rang at 4 a.m., the time he needed to wake up for his job.
•New Hampshire still uses its original state constitution, ratified in 1784. It’s the second-oldest continuously used constitution in the United States, after Massachusetts.
•For each presidential election cycle, New Hampshire holds the first primary election in the United States. New Hampshire state law stipulates that the primary shall be on the second Tuesday in March, though the Secretary of State can change the date to ensure that the New Hampshire primary will occur at least seven days before any other state holds a "similar election."
•New Hampshire is the only state in the United States that does not require adults to wear seat belts in their cars while traveling. Not coincidentally, New Hampshire has the lowest seat belt usage of any state in 2010.
•New Hampshire is the only state that saw the formal conclusion of a foreign war. In 1905, Portsmouth was the scene of the treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War.
•New Hampshire was the first state to offer lottery in the twentieth century United States in 1964.
•New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any U.S. coastal state, with a length of 13 miles.
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