State Abbreviation VT
State Capital Montpelier
State Size Total (Land + Water): 9,614 sq miles; Land Only: 9,250 sq miles
Number of Counties 14
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York
Highest Point Mount Mansfield, 4,395 feet
National Parks None
State Population (2015) 626,042
State Population Density 67.7 people / square mile
Area Codes 802
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Burlington (42,417)
South Burlington (17,904)
State Amphibian Northern leopard frog
State Animal Morgan horse
State Beverage Milk
State Bird Hermit thrush
State Butterfly Monarch butterfly
State Cold-Water Fish Brook trout
State Flower Red clover
State Fossil The beluga skeleton
State Gem Grossular garnet
State Insect Honeybee
State Mineral Talc
State Motto Freedom and Unity
State Nickname Green Mountain State
State Pie Apple pie
State Reptile Painted turtle
State Soil Tunbridge soil series
State Song "These Green Mountains"
State Stone Marble, granite, and slate
State Tree Sugar maple
State Warm-Water Fish Walleye
•Vermont's name is derived from two French words–vert ("green") and mont ("mountain"). French explorer Samuel de Champlain first gave the name "Verd Mont" to Vermont's Green Mountains on his 1647 map.
•Vermont is the largest producer of maple syrup in the United States.
•Until 1996, Vermont was the only state without a Walmart.
•Montpelier is the only state capital without a McDonald's.
•Vermont does not have any skyscraper. Vermont is the only state that does not have any buildings taller than 124 feet.
•Vermont is one of four states that were once independent nations (Texas, California, and Hawaii are the other three). Vermont was known as Republic of New Connecticut between 1777 and 1791.
•On May 5, 1978, Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield opened their first Ben & Jerry’s shop in an old gas station in Burlington, Vermont.
•On July 31, 1790, Samuel Hopkins of Pittsford, Vermont, became the first person in the United States to file and to be granted a patent.
•The socket wrench was invented by J. J. Richardson of Woodstock, Vermont, who received a patent on June 18, 1863.
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