State Abbreviation SC
State Capital Columbia
State Size Total (Land + Water): 32,020 sq miles; Land Only: 30,110 sq miles
Number of Counties 46
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Georgia, North Carolina
Highest Point Sassafras Mountain, 3,560 feet
National Parks Congaree National Park
State Population (2015) 4,896,146
State Population Density 162.6 people / square mile
Area Codes 803, 843, 864
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Columbia (129,272)
North Charleston (97,471)
Mount Pleasant (67,843)
Rock Hill (66,154)
State American Folk Dance Square dance
State Animal White-tailed deer
State Beverage Milk
State Bird Great Carolina wren
State Butterfly Eastern tiger swallowtail
State Colors Indigo blue
State Craft Sweetgrass basket weaving
State Dance Shag
State Dog Boykin spaniel
State Duck Wood duck
State Fish Striped bass
State Flower Carolina yellow jessamine
State Fossil Columbian mammoth
State Fruit Peach
State Gemstone Amethyst
State Grass Indian grass
State Heritage Horse Carolina march tacky
State Heritage Work Animal Mule
State Hospitality Beverage Tea
State Insect Carolina mantid
State Marine Mammal Bottlenose dolphin
State Migratory Marine Mammal Northern right whale
State Motto Dum spiro spero Animis opibusque parati (While I breathe, I hope Ready in soul and resource)
State Music Spiritual
State Nickname Palmetto State
State Popular Music Beach music
State Reptile Loggerhead sea turtle
State Shell Lettered olive
State Snack Boiled peanuts
State Song "Carolina" and "South Carolina On My Mind"
State Spider Carolina wolf spider
State Stone Blue granite
State Tapestry "From the Mountains to the Sea"
State Tree Sabal palmetto (also called cabbage palm tree)
State Waltz "Richardson Waltz"
State Wild Game Bird Wild turkey
State Wildflower Goldenrod
•The Carolina colony was established by British and it was split in 1729 into North and South Carolina as it was deemed to big to govern effectively. Carolina is named after King Charles I. Carolus is the Latin word for Charles.
•The first opera performed in the United States, a comic ballad opera called Flora, opened in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1735.
•The Charleston Tea Plantation, located on Wadmalaw Island, South Carolina, is the only working tea plantation in the United States.
•Morgan Island in South Carolina houses the only colony of free-ranging rhesus monkeys in the United States. Morgan Island is also known as Monkey Island. There are about 3,500 monkeys in the colony.
•The Charleston Museum in Charleston, South Carolina, is the first museum in America. It was founded in 1773 and opened to the public in 1824.
•Johnston, South Carolina, is known as the Peach Capital of the World.
•The largest Gingko farm in the world is located in Sumter, South Carolina.
•The first battle of the Civil War took place at Fort Sumter, South Carolina.
•On November 2, 1954, Strom Thurmond became the first US senator elected by write-in vote. Thurmond received 63.1% of the votes to win the election.
•In South Carolina, a person must be 18 years old to legally play a pinball machine.
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