State Abbreviation AZ
State Capital Phoenix
State Size Total (Land + Water): 113,998 sq miles; Land Only: 113,635 sq miles
Number of Counties 15
Time Zone Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
Highest Point Humphreys Peak, 12,637 feet
National Parks Grand Canyon National Park
Petrified Forest National Park
Saguaro National Park
State Population (2015) 6,828,065
State Population Density 60.1 people / square mile
Area Codes 480, 520, 602, 623, 928
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Phoenix (1,445,632)
State Amphibian Arizona tree frog
State Bird Cactus Wren
State Butterfly Two-tailed swallowtail
State Colors Blue and gold
State Fish Apache trout
State Flower Saguaro cactus blossom
State Fossil Petrified wood
State Gemstone Turquoise
State Mammal Ringtail
State Motto Ditat Deus (God enriches)
State Neckware Bola tie
State Nickname The Grand Canyon State
State Reptile Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
State Tree Palo Verde
•Arizona's name originated from the Spanish name, Arizonac, which in turn was derived from an Indian word, alî ṣonak, meaning "small spring."
•Arizona is the only state with an official state neckware, the bola tie.
•Arizona is the largest copper producing state in the Unites States, accounting for 60% of all copper production in the country.
•Arizona state has 18 national monuments, more than any other state in the Unites States
•In 1930, Clyde Tombaugh discovered Pluto from the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona.
•"Skydive Arizona" is the largest skydiving center in the world.
•Arizona is one of the only two states that does not observe Daylight Savings time (Hawaii is the other).
•The only place in the country where mail is delivered by mule is the village of Supai, located at the bottom of the Grand Canyon.
•Arizona is one of the states that form the Four Corners, the only location in the United States where four states intersect at one point. The other three states are Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah.
•In Arizona, it is illegal for donkeys to sleep in bathtubs.
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