State Abbreviation NC
State Capital Raleigh
State Size Total (Land + Water): 53,819 sq miles; Land Only: 48,711 sq miles
Number of Counties 100
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Georgia, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Highest Point Mount Mitchell, 6,684 feet
National Parks Great Smoky Mountains National Park
State Population (2015) 10,042,802
State Population Density 206.2 people / square mile
Area Codes 252, 336, 704, 828, 910, 919, 980, 984
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Charlotte (731,424)
State Berry Blueberry and strawberry
State Bird Cardinal
State Beverage Milk
State Boat Shad Boat
State Butterfly Eastern tiger swallowtail
State Carnivorous Plant Venus flytrap
State Christmas Tree Fraser fir
State Colors Red and blue
State Dog Plott hound
State Fish Channel bass
State Flower Dogwood
State Folk Dance Clogging
State Freshwater Trout Southern Appalachian brook trout
State Frog Pine barrens treefrog
State Fruit Grape
State Horse Colonial Spanish mustang
State Insect Honeybee
State Mammal Gray squirrel
State Marsupial Virginia opossom
State Mineral Gold
State Motto Esse quam videri (To be, rather than to seem)
State Nickname Tar Heel State
State Popular Dance Shag
State Pottery Birthplace Seagrove area
State Reptile Eastern box turtle
State Rock Granite
State Salamander Marbled salamander
State Shell Scotch bonnet
State Song "The Old North State"
State Stone Emerald
State Tree Pine
State Toast The Tar Heel toast
State Vegetable Sweet potato
State Wildflower Carolina lily
•The Carolina colony was established by British and it was split in 1729 into North and South Carolina as it was deemed to big to govern effectively. Carolina is named after King Charles I of England. Carolus is Latin for Charles.
•The Wright brothers completed the first successful flight of a mechanically propelled airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1903.
•Pepsi was developed in 1893 by Caleb Bradham and introduced as "Brad's Drink" in New Bern, North Carolina. It was renamed Pepsi in 1898, named after the digestive enzyme pepsin and kola nuts used in the recipe.
•The Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in Buxton, North Carolina, is the tallest lighthouse in the United States at 193 feet.
•North Carolina is the largest producer of sweet potatoes in the United States.
•The first English child born in America, Virginia Dare, was born in Roanoke Island, North Carolina, in 1587.
•High Point is known as the Furniture Capital of the World.
•Krispy Kreme Doughnut was founded in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, on July 13, 1937.
•North Carolina is the only state with an official State Christmas Tree: Fraser fir.
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