State Abbreviation NY
State Capital Albany
State Size Total (Land + Water): 54,556 sq miles; Land Only: 47,214 sq miles
Number of Counties 62
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island (water border), Vermont
Highest Point Mount Marcy, 5,343 feet
State Population (2015) 19,795,791
State Population Density 419.3 people / square mile
Area Codes 212, 315, 347, 516, 518, 585, 607, 631, 646, 716, 718, 845, 914, 917
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) New York (8,175,133)
State Animal Beaver
State Beverage Milk
State Bird Bluebird
State Bush Lilac
State Flower Rose
State Fossil Eurypterus remipes
State Fresh Water Fish Brook trout
State Fruit Apple
State Gem Garnet
State Insect Ladybug
State Marine or Saltwater Fish Striped bass
State Motto Excelsior (Ever upward)
State Muffin Apple muffin
State Nickname Empire State
State Shell Bay scallop
State Turtle Snapping turtle
State Tree Sugar maple
•New York was named by the British in honor of the Duke of York, who later became King James II of England.
•New York City served as the capital of United States from January 11, 1785 to December 5, 1790.
•The 641-mile long Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway is the longest toll road in the United States.
•Lake Placid, New York is the only American city to host Winter Olympics twice. It hosted the 1932 and the 1980 Winter Olympics.
•New York City has more people than 39 of the 50 states in the United States.
•One World Trade Center in New York City is the tallest building in the United States at 1,776 feet.
•The first documented American chess tournament was held in New York in 1843.
•The New York City Subway has the largest annual ridership of all subway systems in the United States. It is also the longest subway system in the United States.
•The New York City Subway has 422 stations, making it the subway system with the most number of stations in the world.
•The borough of Brooklyn would be the fourth largest city in the United States. Queens would also be the fourth largest nationally.
•Through 2015, 64 Nobel Prize winners were born in the state of New York, the most among all states. New York City alone has produced 45 Nobel Prize winners.
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