State Capital Austin
State Size Total (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles
Number of Counties 254
Time Zones Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Highest Point Guadalupe Peak, 8,751 feet
National Parks Big Bend National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
State Population (2015) 27,469,114
State Population Density 104.9 people / square mile
Area Codes 210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Houston (2,145,146)
San Antonio (1,359,758)
Fort Worth (758,738)
State 10K Texas Round-Up 10K
State Air Force Commemorative Air Force
State Amphibian Texas toad
State Aquarium Texas State Aquarium
State Bird Mockingbird
State Bison Herd Texas state bison herd at Caprock Canyons State Park
State Bluebonnet City Ennis
State Bluebonnet Festival Cappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival
State Bluebonnet Trail Ennis
State Bread Pan de campo
State Cobbler Peach cobbler
State Cooking Implement Cast iron Dutch oven
State Crustacean Texas Gulf shrimp
State Dinosaur Paluxysaurus jonesi
State Dish Chili
State Dog Breed Blue lacy
State Domino Game 42
State Epic Poem Legend of Old Stone Ranch
State Fiber and Fabric Cotton
State Fish Guadalupe bass
State Flower Bluebonnet
State Flower Song "Bluebonnets"
State Flying Mammal Mexican free-tailed bat
State Folk Dance Square dance
State Footwear Cowboy boot
State Fruit Texas red grapefruit
State Gem Texas blue topaz
State Gemstone Cut Lone star cut
State Grass Sideoats grama
State Hat Cowboy hat
State Health Nut Pecan
State Horse American quarter horse
State Insect Monarch butterfly
State Large Mammal Longhorn
State Longhorn Herd Foundation Herd of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
State Maritime Museum Texas Maritime Museum
State Motto Friendship
State Music Western Swing
State Musical Instrument Guitar
State Native Pepper Chiltepin
State Native Shrub Texas purple sage
Nickname Lone Star State
State Pastry Sopaipilla and strudel
State Pepper Jalapeno
State Pie Pecan pie
State Plant Prickly pear cactus
State Play "The Lone Star", "Texas", "Beyond The Sundown", "Fandangle"
State Pollinator Western honey bee
State Precious Metal Silver
State Reptile Texas horned lizard
State Rodeo Drill Team Ghostriders
State Salt Water Fish Red drum
State Sea Turtle Kemp's ridley sea turtle
State Shell Lightning whelk
State Ship U.S.S. Texas
State Shrub Crape myrtle
State Small Mammal Armadillo
State Snack Tortilla chips and salsa
State Song "Texas, Our Texas"
State Sport Rodeo
State Squash Pumpkin
State Stone Petrified palmwood
State Tall Ship Elissa
State Tree Pecan
State Vegetable Sweet onion
State Vehicle Chuck wagon
State Waterlily Nymphaea Texas dawn
•The name Texas came from the Caddo Indian word tejas, meaning "friends" or "allies."
•Texas has highest highway speed limit in the United States. A stretch of toll road between Austin and San Antonio permits drivers to go 85 miles per hour.
•Texas produces more crude oil and natural gas than any other state in the United States.
•Bracken Cave in Comal County, Texas, is the summer home to the largest colony of bats in the world. An estimated 20 million Mexican free-tailed bats roost in the cave from March to October every year.
•Dr. Pepper was invented in Waco, Texas, by Charles Alderton in 1885.
•Astrodome was first multi-purpose domed stadium in the world. It was built in Houston and opened in 1965.
•The 567.31-foot San Jacinto Monument in Harris County, Texas, is world’s tallest war memorial. The star at the top of the monument weighs 220 tons.
•The Tyler Municipal Rose Garden in Tyler, Texas, is the largest rose garden in the United States.
•Texas was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845.
•Texas is the only state with an official State Domino Game: 42.
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