She maintained her anonymity when sharing this knowledge, leading to some criticisms against commercialization of Huautla-style psilocybin mushrooms that form part of its traditional culture.
Egyptians used various varieties of mushrooms for spiritual practices. One such mushroom that may have been utilized was known as Kykeon and contained Psilocybin which caused hallucinations; this mushroom was consumed during religious healing rituals to enable shamans to view patient spirits more clearly.
Ancient Egyptians believed that taking Kykeon would help ease their fear of death, and held regular events known as Eleusinian Mysteries that included its consumption.
Modern indigenous tribes also utilize fungi for spiritual reasons. For instance, the Ajumawi tribe in Northern California employs Fly Agric mushrooms (Amanita muscaria) during ceremonies. These mushrooms contain psychoactive substances known as ibotenic acid and muscimol that cause hallucinations as well as hallucinations-causing properties known as psychedelics that allow users to see spirits within inanimate objects (3)
Psychoactive mushrooms https://www.shroomsdirect.io/ were an integral part of Greek culture, spread ing throughout antiquity as they became an increasingly widespread practice. While initially their use was for recreational purposes, eventually religious and philosophical ideas also made use of mushrooms to induce visions; Egyptians, like Aztecs, used mushrooms for religious rituals and created artwork depicting them; they even coined vernacular terms for them that literally translated to "food of the gods." They believed they came directly from Osiris himself who placed them upon Earth as gifts that only priests could consume them for consumption.
R Gordon Wasson made headlines worldwide when, as the first outsider to attend a sacred ceremony among Mexico's Mazatec people in 1955. He wrote about it in 1957 Life's "Seeking the Magic Mushroom", sparking hippie counterculture tourism to Huautla village where Maria Sabina resided as well as Albert Hoffman separating out active ingredients that later became LSD from an ergot-based hallucinogenic fungus similar to LSD.
Long held by ancient Siberian shamanists was the consumption of Amanita muscaria mushrooms (commonly referred to as fly agaric), easily identifiable with their white stem and red cap marked with white spots. According to Dana Larsen and Ruck, this toadstool mushroom may have inspired Santa Claus and his reindeer; these rituals used the mushrooms as an inducer into entering a trance state that allowed communication with spirits.
Huautla experienced some turmoil when mushroom hunters started arriving. This caused some conflict and the mayor declared them to be illegal trespassers and committed criminal offenses by visiting Huautla.
Recently, researchers used modern DNA to show that Siberian shaman practice did indeed include hallucinogenic mushrooms. Led by Eske Willerslev from Denmark's University of Copenhagen, their team analysed 34 remains from Siberia that showed evidence of use of hallucinogenic mushrooms - particularly near Kholmogorye village.
Ancient Greeks lived in an environment comprised mainly of mountains with limited arable land, so finding ways to live harmoniously with nature required them to seek solutions such as religious and spiritual practices like drinking intoxicating mushrooms as part of daily life.
Mushrooms were held sacred, only being consumed by priesthood and upper classes. Dubbed as "food of gods", mushrooms are thought to have been brought down from Osiris as part of his creation of earth itself. Statues depicting mushrooms dating back 2,000 years have been discovered as have various texts that refer to hallucinogenic mushrooms.
Bernardino de Sahagun mentioned a mushroom species known to Aztec Indians as teonanacatl (which means "flesh of the gods") during a 16th-century Spanish friar's account of Huautla. This led 20th-century ethnopharmacologists searching for it, eventually discovering Psilocybe semilanceata as it contains Psilocybin. Gordon Wasson participated in this effort and published an article in Life Magazine where he claimed locals no longer hesitated discussing their special mushrooms nor trading them for scientific use (Wasson 1970:77).