# Linked Questions

48 questions linked to/from Proposals for polymath projects

**510**

votes

**3**answers

49k views

### Polynomial bijection from $\mathbb Q\times\mathbb Q$ to $\mathbb Q$?

Is there any polynomial $f(x,y)\in{\mathbb Q}[x,y]{}$ such that $f\colon\mathbb{Q}\times\mathbb{Q} \rightarrow\mathbb{Q}$ is a bijection?

**63**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### Are there infinitely many integer-valued polynomials dominated by $1.9^n$ on all of $\mathbb{N}$?

The original post is below. Question 1 was solved in the negative by David Speyer, and the title has now been changed to reflect Question 2, which turned out to be the more difficult one. A bounty of ...

**68**

votes

**2**answers

5k views

### Barrelled, bornological, ultrabornological, semi-reflexive, ... how are these used?

I'm not a functional analyst (though I like to pretend that I am from time to time) but I use it and I think it's a great subject. But whenever I read about locally convex topological vector spaces, ...

**37**

votes

**3**answers

8k views

### The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

What was the main error in the proof of the second part of the 16th Hilbert problem by Petrovski and Landis?
Please see this related post and also the following post.. For Mathematical ...

**38**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### What is the smallest unsolved diophantine equation?

If $P=\sum_{\bf i} a_{\bf i}x^{\bf i}\in {\mathbb Z}[x_1,\dots,x_d]$, let $|P|=\sum_{\bf i}|a_{\bf i}|x^{\bf i}$ and $h(P)=|P|(2,\dots,2)$, so that there is only a finite number of $P$ with $h(P)\leq ...

**20**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Consistency strength needed for applied mathematics

Given that we can never proof the consistency of a theory for the foundations of mathematics in a weaker system, one could seriously doubt whether any of the commonly used foundational frameworks (ZFC ...

**10**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### Applications of functional analysis beyond analysis(towards algebra, geometry, number theory...) [closed]

So far, We have seen the applications of functional analysis in PDE, probability and many areas in applied mathematics. On the other hand, methods of algebraic topology are introduced to functional ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Questions about categorification (& combinatorial simplification of the Russian approach to Lusztig's conjectures, in zero & positive characteristic) [closed]

This is a question about the proofs of Kazhdan-Lusztig's conjectures for category $\mathcal{O}$ using higher representation theory (avoiding Beilinson-Bernstein's geometric localization theory).
...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

5k views

### Number of unique determinants for an NxN (0,1)-matrix

I'm interested in bounds for the number of unique determinants of NxN (0,1)-matrices. Obviously some of these matrices will be singular and therefore will trivially have zero determinant. While it ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Added, June 19, 2019: The main motivation of this post is to associate an index to differential operator associated to a dynamical system such that the index has an interesting ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

792 views

### Distinct integer roots for a degree 7+ polynomial and its derivative

Question: Is there a polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ with $\deg(f) \geq 7$ such that
all roots of $f$ are distinct integers; and
all roots of $f'$ are distinct integers?
Background:
I asked a ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Average degree of contact graph for balls in a box

Imagine you dump congruent, hard, frictionless balls in a box,
letting gravity compress the balls into a stable configuration
(I believe such configurations are called
jammed.)
Assume the box ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map
$D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the differential operator corresponding ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

738 views

### Hilbert 16th problem via hyperbolic geometry

More than 16 years ago, I heard from someone that he thinks that there is a possible relation between Hilbert's 16th problem(for $n=2$) and Hyperbolic geometry. He says that a ...

**161**

votes

**0**answers

9k views

### Why polynomials with coefficients $0,1$ like to have only factors with $0,1$ coefficients?

Conjecture. Let $P(x),Q(x) \in \mathbb{R}[x]$ be two monic polynomials with non-negative coefficients. If $R(x)=P(x)Q(x)$ is $0,1$ polynomial (coefficients only from $\{0,1\}$), then $P(x)$ and $Q(x)$ ...